Vente: 554 / Modern Art Day Sale 08 juin 2024 à Munich Lot 476

Erich Heckel
Frauenbildnis (Bildnis Siddi Heckel), 1925.
Oil on canvas
Prix d´après-vente: € 50,000 / $ 54,000
Frauenbildnis (Bildnis Siddi Heckel). 1925.
Oil on canvas.
Lower right signed and dated. Signed and dated on the reverse, signed, dated and titled on the stretcher. 81 x 71 cm (31.8 x 27.9 in). [CH].

• A comprehensive and international exhibition history dating back to 1926.
• Over the years, the work has been on permanent loan to major German museums, including the Brücke Museum in Berlin and the Moritzburg Kunstmuseum in Halle (Saale).
• Intimate depiction of the artist's partner, Milda Frieda Georgi (1891-1982), who performed as a dancer under the stage name "Siddi Riha" and whom Heckel had married during the war a few years earlier.
• Heckel's work from the mid-1920s onward takes up individual stylistic principles of New Objectivity.
• In his Berlin studio/apartment on Emserstrasse 2, the artist created various wall paintings as of 1919, including this frieze with ornamental abstract plants and figures on a light background and a red stripe at the top.
• The frieze can also be seen in the paintings "Amaryllis" (Hüneke 1927-23) and "Schlafende" (Hüneke 1932-2) as well as in several watercolors like "Stillleben mit Rosen in scharzem Krug" (1926, Kunsthalle Karlsruhe)

The work is registered in the Erich Heckel Estate, Hemmenhofen on Lake Constance. We are grateful to Mrs Renate Ebner for the kind support in cataloging this lot.

PROVENANCE: Erich Heckel Estate, Hemmenhofen.
Hermann Gerlinger Collection, Würzburg (with the collector's stamp, Lugt 6032, acquired from the above in 1998).

EXHIBITION: Gegenwartskünstler, Galerie Neumann & Nierendorf, Berlin, January 1926.
Erich Heckel, Galerie Ferdinand Möller, Berlin, November 1930, cat. no. 1.
30 deutsche Künstler unserer Zeit, Nassauischer Kunstverein, Wiesbaden, April 6 - June 1, 1930, cat. no. 47.
Erich Heckel. Bilder aus den Jahren 1906-1930, Kunsthütte / Städtisches Museum, Chemnitz, March 18 - April 30, 1931, cat. no. 64 (exhibition label on the stretcher).
Nyere tysk Kunst, Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo, January 9 to February 1932; Bergens Kunstforening, February 10 - March 6, 1932; Stavanger, March 13 - April 10, 1932, cat. no. 56.
Nyere tysk Kunst, Den Frie Udstilling, Copenhagen, May 7 - May 30, 1932, cat. no. 64.
Neuere deutsche Kunst, Messe Cologne, June 25 - July 31, 1932.
Erich Heckel, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, October 3 - November 3, 1935, cat. no. 8.
Erich Heckel. Bilder, Drucke (1911-1949), Kunstverein, Freiburg i. Br., 1950; Städtische Kunsthalle, Mannheim, 1950, cat. no. 15.
Erich Heckel, Museum Folkwang, Essen, 1953.
Erich Heckel. Aus Anlaß seines 70. Geburtstages, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, 1953; Hochschule für bildende Künste, Berlin, 1953, cat. no. 40 (exhibition label on the stretcher).
Erich Heckel. Zur Vollendung des siebenten Lebensjahrzehntes, Münster, July 18 - September 15, 1953, cat. no. 59.
Erich Heckel, Städtisches Museum, Duisburg, July 20 - September 1, 1957, cat. no. 42.
Bildnisse aus dem 20. Jahrhundert, Galerie Günther Franke, Munich, July to August 1958, cat. no. 12.
Erich Heckel, Fränkische Galerie, Nuremberg, January 10 - September 9, 1964; Kunst- und Kunstgewerbeverein, Pforzheim, March 8 - April 5, 1964, cat. no. 11.
Erich Heckel, Galerie Günther Franke, München, June 18 - August 25, 1973, cat. no. 16 (illu.).
Erich Heckel. Gemälde, Aquarelle und Zeichnungen aus dem Nachlaß des Künstlers, Brücke-Museum Berlin, August 28 - November 21, 1976, cat. no. 89.
Brücke-Museum Berlin (pemanent loan 1976-1994).
Die Brücke - Edvard Munch, Munch-Museum Oslo, October 16 - November 26, 1978; Konsthall Malmö, February 19, 1978 - February 18, 1979, cat. no. 43.
Schleswig-Holsteinisches Landesmuseum, Schloss Gottorf, Schleswig (permanent loan from the Hermann Gerlinger Collection, 1995-2001).
Frauen in Kunst und Leben der "Brücke", Schleswig-Holsteinisches Landesmuseum, Schloss Gottorf, Schleswig, September 10 - November 5, 2000, cat. no. 112.
Kunstmuseum Moritzburg, Halle an der Saale (permanent loan from the Hermann Gerlinger Collection, 2001-2017).
Buchheim Museum, Bernried (permanent loan from the Hermann Gerlinger Collection, 2017-2022).

LITERATURE: Paul Vogt, Erich Heckel, Recklinghausen 1965, cat. no. 1925-1 (black-and-white illu.).
Andreas Hüneke, Erich Heckel. Werkverzeichnis der Gemälde, Wandbilder und Skulpturen, vol. II (1919-1964), Munich 2017, pp. 119 and 421, no. 1925-1 (color illu.)
- -
Ludwig Thormaehlen, Erich Heckel, Berlin 1931 (full-page illu., Tafel 22).
Erhard Göpel, Erich Heckel-Ausstellung in Chemnitz, in: Kunst und Künstler: illustrierte Monatsschrift für bildende Kunst und Kunstgewerbe 29.1931, issue 9, p. 359.
Brücke-Museum (ed.), Katalog der Gemälde, Glasfenster und Skulpturen, Berlin 1983, cat. no. 27 (full-page illu.).
Hermann Gerlinger, Katja Schneider (eds.), Die Maler der Brücke. Inventory catalog Hermann Gerlinger Collection, Halle (Saale) 2005, p. 228, SHG no. 518 (illu.).
Katja Schneider, Moderne und Gegenwart. Das Kunstmuseum in Halle, Munich 2008, cat. no. 126.
Markus Lörz, Neuere Deutsche Kunst: Oslo, Kopenhagen, Köln 1932. Rekonstruktion und Dokumentation, Stuttgart 2008, p. 131 and hist. illu. no. XII, XIV.

Heckel's studio apartment in Berlin-Wilmersdorf
" Essentially, it is the classic pictorial genres, namely portrait, still life and landscape, to which Heckel dedicated his entire artistic endeavors throughout his life and from which he meticulously wrested ever new variations of expression," writes art historian and former (until 2017) director of the Brücke-Museum Magdalena M. Moeller (Zu Heckels Werk der 20er Jahre, in: exhib. cat. Erich Heckel. Sein Werk der 20er Jahre, Brücke-Museum, Berlin, Munich 2004, p. 10). With the " Frauenbildnis" (Portrait of a Woman), Heckel created an intimate depiction of his wife Siddi, whose real name was Milda Frieda Georgi (1891-1982). The artist had met the dancer who went by the stage name "Siddi Riha" in Dresden in 1910 and married her during the war. Siddi remained one of his most important models throughout his life. After the end of the war in December 1919, Siddi and Erich Heckel rented a studio apartment on the top floor of a house in Emser Strasse in Berlin-Wilmersdorf, which would become their permanent residence until it was destroyed in 1943. In the same year, the couple purchased a small house in Osterholz on the Flensburg Firth, where the artist set up a second studio.

Heckel painted figurative and ornamental elements on several walls in both the Berlin studio apartment and in Osterholz. The "Frauenbildnis" was created in Berlin, however, no reports from visitors or even photographs of the wall paintings have survived. Only Heckel's original sketches and a few watercolors and paintings document these works of art, which were destroyed in World War II. In the back of this painting, we can see the painted pedestal bordered by a broad red stripe: Heckel sketched several figures and abstract ornamental plants on a light background. While a hugging couple can be identified in our "Frauenbildnis" - possibly a reference to the artist's connection to his wife - "Amaryllis" (1927, part of the Hermann Gerlinger Collection until 2023) and "Schlafende Frau" (1932, Kunsthalle Mannheim) show, among other things, a reclining man with a beard. A watercolor in the Kunsthalle Karlsruhe also shows a standing nude from behind ("Stillleben mit Rosen und schwarzem Krug", 1926).

A new attitude towards reality: New objectivity and a greater closeness to nature

The appalling and deeply painful experiences of the war led to a rejection of the values of the militarist Wilhelmine imperial era and its approach to art. Wild Expressionism was rejected by many artists due to its abstract aesthetics. While politics and business strove for clearly regulated and stable conditions of a society in upheaval, the population longed for a peaceful and calmer life after the war years, expressing a new longing for more reality, which led to a more sober view and a new objectivity in art: a new, more distanced attitude towards reality. Heckel was fully aware of this new zeitgeist, which now gave rise to the art of "New Objectivity", which would also leave traces in his work. "What is characteristic of Heckel's style in the 1920s is [..] the clarity, the organized and precise formality and the calmness of the things implied therein - means of expression he used to approach the stylistic ambitions of the artists of New Objectivity [..]." Sein Werk der 20er Jahre, Munich 2004, p. 11) In his works of the 1920s, we find a greater closeness to nature and an increased objectivity, a new pictorial order with reduced, clearly structured compositions, calmer forms and more delicate colors, while he stuck to his tried and tested motifs and classical pictorial themes. The turn towards a greater closeness to nature is also evident in his portraits from this period, the tendency towards the "classical" they show, certainly stems from his extremely inspiring friendship with the sculptor Ludwig Thormaehlen (1889-1956). At the beginning of the 1920s, he devoted himself to depicting his wife Siddi in all sorts of situations, showing her writing, reading or even sleeping in a series of drawings, watercolors and paintings. The once radical pictorial language with its deformed and exaggerated that Heckel needed to portray a broken, suffering and hopeless type in gloomy surroundings gave way to a calmer, clearer style and figures that, although serious and introverted, appear to have significantly reduced their emotional strain.

"In portrait from the 1920s, Heckel's man appears as a symbol of spiritual asceticism and an existential, but no longer painfully agitated attitude to life. Large figures consistently characterized by classical calm [..] are accompanied by a lyrical tone and radiate subdued lyrical sentiment. Heckel's painting [..] is directed towards measure, perfection and order, but in its confrontation with visible nature it also concedes an important task to the inner imagination." (Christiane Remm, in: ex. cat. Erich Heckel. Sein Werk der 20er Jahre, Brücke-Museum, Berlin, Munich 2004, p. 166)
Emotionality and contemplation
Despite his newfound closeness to nature, Heckel was far from a factual, objective depiction of reality. Instead, he deliberately created compositions in which he changed nature, reduced it and shaped it according to his artistic principles. The "Frauenbildnis" shows a serene and affectionate Siddi in a subdued pictorial language and melancholic mood. Heckel placed Siddi in the foreground of the painting and composed her surroundings from deep spatial zones and color fields. Despite the clearly restrained, clear and orderly pictorial language, the simplified forms and warm, calm colors, Heckel created a powerful and expressive portrait that also describes his entire personal world: his wife, his studio apartment, his art in the background and thus his profession. Heckel contrasts stylistic elements of New Objectivity with a quiet inwardness and emotionality that clearly distinguishes his portraits from the works of "New Objectivity", giving them a very unique, exciting and ambivalent artistic position within the rich artistic landscape of the years between the wars. [CH]

Erich Heckel
Frauenbildnis (Bildnis Siddi Heckel), 1925.
Oil on canvas
Prix d´après-vente: € 50,000 / $ 54,000

Commission, taxes et droit de suite
Cet objet est offert avec imposition régulière ou avec imposition différentielle.

Calcul en cas d'imposition différentielle:
Prix d’adjudication jusqu’à 800 000 euros : frais de vente 32 %.
Des frais de vente de 27% sont facturés sur la partie du prix d’adjudication dépassant 800 000 euros. Ils sont additionnés aux frais de vente dus pour la partie du prix d’adjudication allant jusqu’à 800 000 euros.
Des frais de vente de 22% sont facturés sur la partie du prix d’adjudication dépassant 4 000 000 euros. Ils sont additionnés aux frais de vente dus pour la partie du prix d’adjudication allant jusqu’à 4 000 000 euros.
Le prix de vente inclut la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée, actuellement de 19%.

Calcul en cas d'imposition régulière:
Prix d'adjudication jusqu'à 800 000 € : 27 % de commission majorée de la TVA légale
Prix d'adjudication supérieur à 800 000 € : montants partiels jusqu'à 800 000 € 27 % de commission, montants partiels supérieurs à 800 000 € : 21 % de commission, à chaque fois majorés de la TVA légale.
Prix d'adjudication supérieur à 4.000 000 € : montants partiels supérieurs à 4.000 000 € : 15 % de commission, à chaque fois majorés de la TVA légale.

Si vous souhaitez appliquer l'imposition régulière, merci de bien vouloir le communiquer par écrit avant la facturation.

Calcul en cas de droit de suite:
Pour les œuvres originales d’arts plastiques et de photographie d’artistes vivants ou d’artistes décédés il y a moins de 70 ans, soumises au droit de suite, une rémunération au titre du droit de suite à hauteur des pourcentages indiqués au § 26, al. 2 de la loi allemande sur les droits d’auteur (UrhG) est facturée en sus pour compenser la rémunération liée au droit de suite due par le commissaire-priseur conformément au § 26 UrhG. À ce jour, elle est calculée comme suit :
4 pour cent pour la part du produit de la vente à partir de 400,00 euros et jusqu’à 50 000 euros,
3 pour cent supplémentaires pour la part du produit de la vente entre 50 000,01 et 200 000 euros,
1 pour cent supplémentaire pour la part entre 200 000,01 et 350 000 euros,
0,5 pour cent supplémentaire pour la part entre 350 000,01 et 500 000 euros et
0,25 pour cent supplémentaire pour la part au-delà de 500 000 euros.
Le total de la rémunération au titre du droit de suite pour une revente s’élève au maximum à 12 500 euros.